Mohenjo Daro along with Baalbek is one of the oldest settlements that were obtained in ruins, in the territory of present-day Pakistan. Mohenjo Daro is located in the south of Pakistan modernity in the province of Sindh . The ancient settlement, which completely reversed the age of the knowledge of Indian descent , stands on the right bank of the Indus River. Mohenjo Daro since 1980 is included in the list of world cultural heritage by UNESCO.
Built between 4 or 5000 years ago and abandoned 3700 years BC, Mohenjo Daro was one of the largest cities in the Indus Valley Civilization . Scientists long believed that Indian civilization dates back no earlier than 500 BC, so that only about 200 years before the invasion of Alexander the Great on the subcontinent. With the discovery of Mohenjo Daro , a century ago , this view has changed radically .
Mohenjo Daro Essentially are extremely complicated built cities. Harappa , which is also in this area that is now Pakistan - It was opened together with another ancient city. Mohenjo Daro Literally translated the name means "Hill of the Dead. " Amazing in these settlements is that they are highly developed, leading archaeologists to believe that before it's built , they were conceived as a whole , makes .
Mohenjo Daro is a remarkable early example of city planning and the sewage system of the old village , built thousands of years ago is largely better than that of modern cities in Pakistan , India and some Asian countries.
Mohenjo Daro was the largest village in the valley of the river Indus. In it lived at least 35 000 people from the Harrapan Civilization , which is comparable to those in ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt. Probably Mohenjo Daro inhabitants lived in houses made of brick thick and reaches a maximum of three storeys. It is amazing that there are bathrooms in the apartments, which are connected to the sewer .
Many scientists believe that the people who have built Mohenjo Daro civilization , the city had a plan , which requires not only his time , but was . At the level of thousands of years in the future Moreover, the inhabitants of ancient settlements are traded with other cultures. Evidence for this Mohenjo Daro comes from ornaments found with stones brought from distant lands furnished. This tells the scientists that this ancient civilization knew and loved art.
It is not entirely clear what happened to the people Harrapa , but they have abandoned village are BC Among the hypotheses around 1700 natural disasters such as flooding and movement of the tectonic plates that formed the Himalayas and has a huge and devastating earthquakes. Some hypotheses about the disappearance of the inhabitants of Mohenjo Daro refer to the conquest of other cultures.
Excavation begins the settlement between the years 1922-1927 under the direction of Banarjee , continues in the coming decades , and today archaeologists continue to discover new artifacts. Among the most valuable exhibits a miniature bronze statue of a naked woman as a dancer known , was found in 1926 , was a table found on the seals of Mohenjo Daro as SonnensymbolRad .